What is NGO meaning in Hindi? NGO is called non-governmental organization in Hindi. It is clear from its name that it is an organization which is non-profit as well as non-governmental. Many social works are done by these organizations especially in the field of poor, children, women and environment.
That’s why in today’s article we are going to give you complete information about NGO. In today’s article, what is NGO, what is the full form of NGO, meaning of NGO, history, types of NGO, work of NGO and how to create your own NGO.
If you want to know the above information, then definitely read the end of this article what is NGO. So let’s start and know what is NGO (NGO Kya Hai In Hindi) –
What is NGO? (What is NGO in Hindi)
The full form of NGO is Non Governmental Organization. NGO provides facilities or services to the people in the field of education, health or industrial business with partial or full government support from their own financial sources or with outside help.
NGO is such an organization in which there is no role of government, it is a non-governmental organization. People who have good money or business help people through NGO’s.
NGO is a subgroup of organizations founded by citizens, which include clubs and associations that provide services to their members and others – an organization whose objective is for the welfare of society. NGOs do many social work like providing house to widow women, teaching poor orphans and protecting women etc.
First of all, non-governmental organizations were formed in America because apart from the government in America, various social works are done by these organizations. It is an organization that anyone can run but a single person cannot run it. That’s why it can be said that only a large group of people can run it.
It is run not for one’s own profit but for the good of others. Individuals who want to do social work or social reform work can do so through registered or unregistered NGOs. But the advantage of registered NGO is that you can get financial assistance from the government for social welfare. If a person wants to do social work or social welfare without the help of the government, he can also do social service by contacting a private company.
These voluntary organizations promoted education by opening schools and colleges at various places. Schools and colleges in states like Kerala, Uttar Pradesh are mostly owned by voluntary organisations. To whom the government provides financial grants up to 90 percent or more.
Similarly, in the field of health, health services have been made available in backward areas by opening hospitals, dispensaries etc.
Many organizations have also taken the initiative to organize medical camps, eye surgery camps etc. through campaigns. Leprosy prevention, disabled service etc. have also been done, which is a unique example of service.
What is the full form of NGO? NGO Full Form
The full form of NGO is Non Governmental Organization. Which is called NGO in Hindi.
Meaning of NGO
NGO means non-governmental organization. NGO is a private organization. Whose work is social service. NGO is an organization whose objective is the welfare of the society.
History of NGO
According to an estimate, about 40 thousand international level NGOs are working in the whole world today. The number of national level NGOs in different countries runs into lakhs. There are around 10 to 20 lakh NGOs in India.
The history of NGO is very old. Rotary International was the first international NGO established in the year 1905. By 1914, about 1083 non-governmental organizations had been established.
These were particularly associated with anti-colonialism, women’s suffrage etc. The NGO system became increasingly popular after the establishment of the United Nations in 1945.
World NGO Day is observed every year on 27 February. It was officially announced to celebrate this day on 17 April 2010.
Types of NGO
Non-governmental organizations are divided into five parts on the basis of their functioning and nature, these five types are as follows –
- Ingo – International NGO
- INGO – Environmental NGO
- Quango – Semi-autonomous NGO
- Bingo – Business Friendly International NGO
- Gongo – Government Organized Non-Governmental Organization
Documents required for NGO
There are always some essential documents required to register any organization. Similarly, to register an NGO, you must have some documents –
- Trust Deed/Memorandum of Association
- Rules and Regulation/Memorandum
- Articles Of Association Regulation
- Affidavit From President
- Your Residence Proof
- Registered Office Address Proof
- ID Proof (Voter ID / Aadhar Card) ID Proof (Voter Id / Aadhar Card)
- Passport (Mandatory) Passport (Mandatory)
Most Popular NGO Names in India
As mentioned earlier, lakhs of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) operate in India. Some are insignificant and some are doing excellent work for decades. Let us know about the ten biggest NGOs of the country –
Help Age India (Help Age India NGO)
It was established in the year 1978. It is the oldest and famous NGO of the country, started for old people and elders, which is providing its services since many years.
Cry (CRY NGO)
CRY is a renowned NGO working towards child rights and protection. Cry NGO was established in the year 1979 with the aim of fighting for the rights of children. It has offices in many big cities of the country.
Nanhi Kali NGO
It was founded in the year 1996 by Anand Mahindra, the owner of Mahindra Industries. Nanhi Kali NGO is doing the work of providing education to lakhs of girls of the country. Its headquarter is in Mumbai.
Ismail Foundation (Smile Foundation NGO)
This NGO was established in the year 2002 in the capital of India, New Delhi. This organization works for the education and health of young children, child laborers.
Sargam Sanstha NGO
Established in 1986 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, it is an NGO helping in the progress of the economically and socially deprived sections of the society. Sargam is counted among the top NGOs of India.
In this way Samman Foundation, Give India, Lepra Society, Pratham and Goonj are some of the NGO names doing excellent service work in the country.
How to form NGO? How to make NGO
There are 3 laws to form an NGO in India. You can get the NGO registered under any of these Acts –
- Companies Act, 2013 (Under Section 8 Companies)
- Indian Trust Act, 1882
- Societies Registration Act, 1860
#1. Companies Act, 2013 Companies Act, 2013 (Section 8 Company Under)
Memorandum And Articles Of Association And Regulation Document is required to register in the Companies Act.
If you make this document, then for this you will not need any kind of stamp paper and you will need at least three members to make the document.
#2. Indian Trust Act, 1882
This law varies from state to state in India. The Trust Act, 1882 automatically applies to any state which does not have a Trust Act.
Registration of NGO under this act requires a document called Trust Deed and for this you have to apply to the charity commissioner or registrar’s office. Trust deed is made on non-judicial stamp paper.
The Trust Act requires at least two trustees for registration.
#3. Societies Registration Act, 1860
The document of Memorandum of Association and Rules and Regulation is necessary for registration in the Societies Act. Stamp paper is not required to make this document but you will need at least seven people.
#4. PAN Card and Bank Account of the NGO (PAN Card And Bank Account Of The NGO)
Bank account and PAN card are required for NGO. For this you will have to get a PAN card made in the name of the NGO and after that a bank account will also have to be opened in the name of the NGO.
After three to four years of starting an NGO, an application for Section 80G Certificate can be made in Income Tax, after which the donations coming to the NGO will be tax free.
Works of NGO (Works NGO In Hindi)
The functions of NGO are as follows –
- educating the poor
- Providing food for poor people.
- To create opportunities for education for the illiterate.
- Helping sick people
- Helping old people, children and helpless people.
- building a home for old people and women
- Helping girls in education, career and marriage.
- Tree plantation, environment protection and water conservation.
How to join NGO? (How To Join NGO In Hindi)
Even if you are a common man ie working person, you can work by joining an NGO. Whatever NGO is present around you for this. You have to contact him.
You have to go out there and tell them how much of your services you can offer. Also, what kind of service can be given. They will contact you if they feel the need for your service.
After which they will tell you how you have to help them. After which you can offer your services to them. The thing to note here is that this service will be free of cost in a way. Even if you are paid on behalf of the NGO, it will also be nominal.
How do NGOs get funds? (How Do NGO Get Funds In Hindi)
It is also most important to know how the NGO gets its funds. If you are going to start your NGO then how to collect funding. Because whenever a person works at a big level, he needs a lot of money.
In such a situation, funding is very important. Therefore, to collect funds, follow the following points –
- Make a website of yours where all the details related to your NGO will be there. You can also set up a donation account on the website so that people can donate directly to you.
- Apart from this, you can also organize small activities or events, in which more and more people gather and know about your initiative. You can invite any big social worker, leader, actor etc. in this program.
- If your NGO is registered then you can also get funding from the government. For this you have to follow some rules.
- Apart from getting help from the government, you can also approach big private companies.
- So this is how an NGO gets funds.
Read this also –
What is the full form of NGO
What is the full name of NGO?
The full form of NGO is Non Governmental Organization.
What is NGO called in Hindi?
NGO is called non-governmental organization in Hindi.
Which was the first NGO?
Rotary International was the first international NGO established in the year 1905.
When was the NGO established?
The NGO was established in 1905.
When is World NGO Day celebrated?
World NGO Day is celebrated every year on 27 February.
When was it announced to celebrate NGO Day?
It was officially announced to celebrate this day on 17 April 2010.
How many NGOs are working in India?
10 to 20 lakh NGOs are active in India.
Which state of India has the largest number of NGOs?
Maharashtra state has the maximum number of NGOs around 4 lakhs.
Who funds the NGO?
In the form of donations by well-meaning people and also the state and central government funds them at times.
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